Drug treatment of varicose veins in the legs

Varicose veins requires careful treatment. This is due to the fact that the disease is dangerous not cosmetic defects, and their consequences in the form of thrombosis or venous disorders. Treatment of varicose veins med drugs used as a combination therapy of the disease. Medications are widely used in the prevention of varicose veins, as well as preoperative and postoperative period. Drugs used in the disease are varied and have different effects on the human body.

drug treatment of varicose veins on the legs

When applied to honey products

The treatment of varicose veins is issue # 1 for those who suffer from this disease. The best treatment of varicose veins – a radical treatment that involves the removal of the affected vessels using the following methods:

  • phlebectomy;
  • miniphlebectomy;
  • laser therapy;
  • sclerotherapy.

Treatment of varicose veins med drugs and preventive therapy or secondary. If varicose veins have already appeared, the drugs will help to slow its spread or applied as a further prevention of the disease after radical treatment. As a combined treatment, medicines are irreplaceable.

Groups of medical drugs used in the treatment of varicose veins:

  • phlebotonics;
  • venotonics;
  • anticoagulants;
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medical drugs;
  • disaggregants;
  • fibrinolytics;
  • antioxidants.

phlebotonics — venotonic remedies varicose veins

phlebotonics – pharmacological group of drugs for the treatment of varicose veins in the legs. Pharmacological action of these drugs is aimed at improving venous outflow by influencing the microcirculatory channel. Medical drugs in this group can be used in the form of tablets, gels, ointments.

phlebotonics are used for:

  • improvement of blood circulation;
  • improving lymph drainage;
  • anti-inflammatory effect;
  • to increase the elasticity of blood vessels;
  • thinning of the blood;
  • prevention of chronic venous insufficiency;
  • preoperative preparation;
  • the rehabilitation period after surgical treatment.

Testimony in the appointment of phlebotonics:

  • varicose veins;
  • venous thrombosis;
  • CVI or chronic venous insufficiency;
  • phlebopathy;
  • posttromboticeski syndrome.

Contraindications for the appointment of phlebotonics:

  • diseases of the digestive system in the stage of decompensation;
  • allergic reactions to components of the medical product;
  • kidney failure;
  • chronic diseases of the cardiovascular and renal systems;
  • acute infectious processes;
  • tumors of different localization;
  • restricted during pregnancy and lactation.

Venotonics varicose

Venotonics varicose veins of the legs help to normalize blood vessels by improving vascular tone. Venotonics can be used in the form of tablets, ointments, gels, balms, creams.

Indications for use:

  • varicose veins;
  • chronic venous insufficiency;
  • preoperative preparation;
  • the postoperative period;
  • the relief of symptoms of swelling, heavy legs, pain in the lower extremities.
treatment of varicose veins on the legs

The mechanism of action of medical drugs for treating the legs of this group based on polyvalent action. In this case, normal blood circulation and improving lymph drainage. Effects are achieved by increasing the vascular tension and decrease the permeability of vascular walls.

On the mechanism of the severity of the action Venotonics are divided into:

  1. Drugs affecting vascular tone. The basis of this is the butcher spinosum;
  2. Drugs that improve blood flow. The basis for this is horse chestnut extract.

Blood thinners — thinners sanguinem means

Widely honey in the treatment of varicose veins of the legs are used as the anticoagulants, drugs that alter blood viscosity by inhibition of clotting it.

Allocate 2 groups of anticoagulants:

  1. Direct action;
  2. Indirect action.

The mechanism of anticoagulants of direct action is based on inhibition of the production of thrombin by inactivating coagulation factors and kallikrein. The use of this med group of drugs in the treatment of the feet requires close monitoring coagulogram, that allows to avoid the development of bleeding.

The mechanism of anticoagulants of indirect action is based on inactivation of the synthesis of prothrombin. In this side-inactivated enzymes, not directly touching the thrombin.

Indications for anticoagulation:

  • varicose veins;
  • increased risk of thrombosis;
  • concomitant diseases of the cardiovascular system;
  • the availability of a replacement heart valve;
  • myocardial infarction;
  • thrombophlebitis of the lower limbs;
  • preoperative preparation;
  • the post-operative period.

Contraindications for oral anticoagulants are:

  • intracerebral aneurysm;
  • stomach ulcer or duodenum;
  • thrombocytopenia;
  • neoplasms of any localization;
  • hypovitaminosis K;
  • leukemia;
  • renal and liver failure;
  • arterial or renal hypertension;
  • Crohn's disease.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs honey

Medical treatment of varicose veins in the legs are used a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medical drugs.

The mechanism of their treatment is:

  • anti-inflammatione effect on the walls of the affected vessels;
  • of the anesthetic;
  • reducing edema of the lower extremities;
  • the reduction of thrombosis.

Antiplatelet agents in the treatment of varicose veins

Antiplatelet agents for varicose veins can cause a decrease in platelet aggregation, reducing the risk of blood clots in the veins of the legs and other body parts.

In addition, the group de antiplatelet agentibus includes:

  • protivopodagricescie drugs;
  • vasodilator;
  • antispasmodic;
  • reopoligljukin, which is a blood substitute.

This therapeutic honey is the group is used in combination with other drugs as adjuvant therapy. The peculiarity of this group of drugs is more late onset of action which persists for a long time after discontinuation of the drug.

fibrinolytics with varicose veins on the legs

If varicose veins on the legs are used fibrinolytic drugs. The mechanism of their action aims to reduce the risk of thrombosis, and also have a devastating impact on already formed clots. As a result of fibrinolitikov a dissolution of fibrin clot various locations.

Welcome fibrinolitikov is indicated for:

  • the acute period of myocardial infarction;
  • Pulmonary embolism or thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery;
  • thrombosis of large arteries;
  • deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities.

At the phenomena of external or internal bleeding taking this group of drugs is contraindicated, as this leads to massive blood loss due to the lack of blood clots.

Antioxidants for the treatment of varicose veins

In the treatment of varicose veins med drugs special niche is antioxidants. This group of drugs has vas confortans that allows to provide anti-edematous and anti-inflammatory effects. Apply antioxidants in complex therapy of varicose veins.

The choice of medication for effective treatment is the task of the doctor. Be sure to consult a specialist for an appointment. Only in this case, perhaps a quick recovery.

Causes of varicose veins on the legs

Treatment of varicose veins begins with eliminating the causes and factors that can cause stagnation of blood in the veins.

  1. People who spend almost your entire day sitting at a computer monitor or driving a car, very often suffer from varicose veins. A long and systematic work in the sitting position contributes to the stagnation of blood in the venous system of the lower extremities that is the reason for the violation of the tone of the vascular wall and its deformation.
  2. Excessive drinking of alcoholic beverages and Smoking tobacco products also leads to dystonia (tone disturbances) veins.
  3. Can cause similar pathology excessive exercise or injury of the lower extremities.
  4. It is very important to monitor the status of other organ systems, chronic diseases, associated with metabolic disorder affect the elasticity of the vascular wall.
  5. If the patient suffers from obesity, disruption of the valve apparatus veins are due to stagnation of blood in the lower extremities because of the increased pressure in the abdominal cavity and obstruction of blood flow. So, a proper balanced diet is important.
  6. Scientists have noticed that there is a genetic predisposition to the emergence and development of varicose veins. Thus, even if the patient leads a healthy lifestyle, eats right, and follows the state of his health, he is not immune to the emergence of this disease.
  7. Frequent and prolonged wearing of shoes with high heels contributes to the fact that the blood stagnates in the vessels located in the muscles of the calf and causes deformation of the veins. Also plays an important role wearing clothing several sizes smaller than normal.

Venous insufficiency often causes the development of varicose veins. It is very important raise the alarm after frequent manifestations of certain symptoms.

26.12.2018