Symptoms and treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy

Waiting for a baby is undoubtedly a wonderful time in the life of any member of the fairer sex. But it is often filled with various anxieties and complications. One of them is varicose veins during pregnancy. The growth of the fetus leads to great stress on the woman's legs, the vessels sometimes do not rise and this unpleasant disease occurs. This not only spoils the aesthetic appearance, but can be quite dangerous to health and even life. More about that in the article.

Major pathogens

Varicose veins in pregnant women are quite common; every third woman is faced with it.

There are several reasons for the appearance of varicose veins during pregnancy:

  1. The composition of the blood changes, fibrinogen increases during pregnancy. He is "responsible" for the viscosity of the blood. This means that the blood becomes thicker, it is harder to move through the vessels and the normal blood flow is disturbed. Therefore the veins cannot withstand and expand. Also, as fibrinogen increases, the likelihood of blood clots increases.
  2. The growth of progesterone in the blood is an unfavorable factor for blood vessels. The fact is that this hormone reduces the tone of the uterus, protecting the body from miscarriage and premature birth. And at the same time, vascular tone decreases.
  3. The volume of blood during pregnancy almost doubles, this increase leads to the fact that the blood vessels cannot cope with the unusual volume of blood and are deformed.
  4. As mentioned above, fetal growth creates increased pressure on the veins.

In addition, a woman may have indirect adverse factors for the development of varicose veins during pregnancy:

  • hereditary factor;
  • rapid weight gain;
  • Insufficient presence of fiber and vitamins in the diet of pregnant women;
  • poor mobility.

If the mother suffered from varicose veins during pregnancy on her legs, then her daughter is likely to have this problem.

Symptoms of varicose veins during pregnancy

causes of varicose veins during pregnancy

At the onset of the disease, women may not feel any symptoms at all. Then spider veins and webs appear. But few people pay attention to them. But when leg swelling occurs in the evening, as do night cramps, many are already alarmed.

Then the veins become visible to the naked eye, "coming out" to the surface of the skin of the feet. This not only spoils the look, but also causes concern. Finally, it could be worse! Indeed, blood clots can form in varicose veins, and this is already threatening the life of the woman and the fetus.

It is impossible to completely cure varicose veins during pregnancy, you can get rid of the pathology only after childbirth.

In addition, with varicose veins on the legs during pregnancy, they disrupt:

  • weight in legs;
  • problematic in walking (sometimes the legs swell so much that it becomes difficult to walk);
  • withdrawal pain in the legs.

Of course, many pregnant women dream of getting rid of these symptoms. For that purpose, you must contact a phlebologist or surgeon, he will tell you what you need to do.

Most common types

In pregnancy, there are not only varicose veins in the legs.

There are also varicose veins:

  • vulva;
  • lips lips;
  • rectum (better known as hemorrhoids).

The most common varicose veins among pregnant women are lower limbs and hemorrhoids. The latter brings a woman a lot of problems - pain during urination and blood in the stool. If the treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy is not started on time, then major problems can arise, such as: venous bleeding. To prevent this from happening, you need to contact a doctor in time. They will tell you how to treat varicose veins during pregnancy.

Effective treatment

There are currently many medications for varicose veins for pregnant women. But it is very dangerous to rewrite them yourself. Because many drugs have serious contraindications. The doctor will prescribe appropriate treatment that will not harm either the mother or the baby.

The treatment of varicose veins in pregnant women usually consists of oral medications and ointments for external use. But it is worth noting: some of them can not be used in the first trimester.

You can also use traditional medicine prescriptions in the treatment of varicose veins in pregnant women. But first you need to consult your doctor, because many of these prescriptions can harm a child’s life.

Popular methods of combat

Here are some useful recipes of traditional medicine for pregnant women:

  1. Apple cider vinegar.They can rub the areas of the legs affected by varicose veins or they can take them orally, but only in a special dose. You should not add more than a teaspoon of vinegar to a glass of water and drink it once a day. After a month of such treatment, positive changes will appear.
  2. Horse chestnut.This plant is always in the first place in the treatment of varicose veins. Because it perfectly strengthens the vascular wall, relieves swelling, relieves cramps and heaviness in the legs. In consultation with your doctor, you can rub your veins with wild chestnut tincture and drink it inside. You must take the tincture twice a day, a certain number of drops, which will be prescribed by a doctor. After ten days you need to take a break. Then the reception can be repeated.
  3. Green tomatoes.Tomatoes need to be halved in length and then attached to sore feet. It is necessary to hold until the stinging occurs. Some tie them to their feet all night and wash them with cold water in the morning.
  4. Kalanchoe tincturecan be used to rub the feet, it should be done every day for three months.
  5. Potatoes.It is necessary to grate a few raw potatoes on a coarse grater, put the porridge on a cloth and make a compress. Tie it tightly, remove after 4 hours.
  6. Wormwood.Grind wormwood flowers until smooth, dilute with milk and apply on feet. Tie tightly, remove the dressing after 2 hours.

Rehabilitation gymnastics

Medical gymnastics also helps with varicose veins. There are several exercises for pregnant women that can reduce the incidence of this disease.

Here are some of them:

  1. Sit on a chair, perform circular movements of your feet with each leg in a row. Repeat 10 times.
  2. Lying on your back, carefully lift your legs and make leg movements, mimicking a bike ride.
  3. Standing, get up on your toes and roll over on your heels. Repeat 10 times.
  4. Walk in place, without lifting your socks off the floor, for 2 minutes.

Walking the stairs is very useful. It is also important to walk a lot in the fresh air - walking normalizes blood flow. After the effort, you should lie on your back with your legs raised by 20 degrees.

Basics of prevention

A good prevention and treatment of varicose veins is the use of compressor socks. The attending physician will help you choose the look and compression.

methods of treating varicose veins during pregnancy

There are several types of compression stockings in total:

  • tights;
  • socks;
  • knee height;
  • elastic bandages.

Nipples against varicose veins for pregnant women are used for extensive varicose veins on large areas of the legs, from the feet to the thighs. For small varicose veins in the knee-length area, knee-height heights are used. Elastic bandages that are fixed to the feet and then wrapped around the thighs also help.

The main treatment for varicose veins in pregnancy is the prevention of thrombosis and ensuring good blood circulation.

Knitwear should be worn in the morning, preferably without getting out of bed. You can apply a medicated cream before that. Then you need to lie down for another ten minutes to normalize blood circulation. You can wear it all day, taking it off before bed.

A pregnant woman should take the following measures to prevent varicose veins:

  1. Sleep on your left side at night. This has a beneficial effect on the fetus and the mother's vessels.
  2. Take more walks in the fresh air. When moving, the vascular wall becomes stronger, the blood is saturated with oxygen and the composition of the blood improves. Walking prevents blood clots from forming.
  3. In order to normalize the diet, a pregnant woman's diet should contain all the necessary minerals and vitamins. You can also take vitamin complexes.
  4. Do special exercises for pregnant women.
  5. Avoid long sitting and standing positions.
  6. Make sure the pregnant woman's weight doesn't add up very quickly.
  7. Wear comfortable shoes with low heels.
  8. A special bandage should be used to support the abdomen.
  9. Never smoke or drink alcohol.
  10. It is useful for pregnant women to visit the pool.
  11. Contrast shower strengthens blood vessels very well. It should only be taken in the morning. Hot baths, baths and saunas are forbidden during pregnancy.
  12. Rest more with your legs raised.

And be sure to follow your doctor's recommendations because otherwise the unpleasant consequences of varicose veins cannot be avoided.

Consequences of disease development

If you do not treat varicose veins, quite serious complications are possible. Some of them even threaten the lives of mother and baby.

Here are some complications of varicose veins during pregnancy:

  1. Thrombosis. Blood clots can form in varicose veins. Sometimes they break off and move on ships, which is very dangerous.
  2. Pulmonary embolism. This is a serious and life-threatening condition when a blood clot travels to the lungs, disrupting blood circulation and oxygen supply. There are no preliminary symptoms, which makes it difficult to diagnose the disease.
  3. Thrombophlebitis. A blood clot in a vessel causes inflammation. In this case, redness and swelling of the limb are visible. Symptoms include severe pain and itching in a particular area.
  4. Trophic ulcer. With varicose veins and diabetes mellitus, such a complication occurs. In this case, not only the skin became inflamed, but also the bones and tendons. The process takes a long time to develop, and various infections join it.

Therefore, in order to avoid such terrible complications, it is necessary to notice the disease in time and start treatment. It is important to follow all doctor's prescriptions.

07.10.2020