Symptoms of varicose veins

signs and symptoms of varicose veins in the legs

The circulatory system, like every organ of the human body, needs constant training and maintaining a healthy tone. The heart performs the function of a pump in the body, but over time, especially if the tone of the venous apparatus is reduced, it becomes increasingly difficult for it to perform its function.

Weakened valves on the walls of the veins stop closing completely, and the blood begins to stagnate in the veins. As a result, they expand even more and a kind of vicious circle emerges.

Defects of the venous system are usually seen in the lower body. This localization is explained by the influence of gravity. It is from the lower extremities that it is most difficult to "pump" blood. There are several groups of diseases: varicose veins of the pelvis, varicose veins in the legs and varicose veins of the uterus.

The symptoms of each group are completely different. Changes can be noticed on both the superficial and deep veins of the lower extremity. Moreover, the defeat of superficial vessels is detected in the primary stage.

There are a number of factors that suggest varicose veins: the symptoms on the legs are swelling, a feeling of “heaviness” in the legs, stretching, burning. All these symptoms are united by one property, which allows us to understand that it is precisely varicose veins - the symptoms in the early stages of development disappear without a trace in the morning.

Causes of varicose veins

What are the main causes of changes in the veins of the lower extremities? Varicose veins are more acquired from hereditary diseases. Although there are families in which each generation has symptoms of varicose veins of the lower extremities. But there is still no consensus on hereditary predisposition.

Prolonged standing provokes the appearance of varicose veins.

how varicose veins manifest on the legs

The main risk factors for this disease are: obesity, work characteristics (more often seen in people who have to stand for a long time during the working day), lifting weights, wearing tight clothing that squeezes blood vessels.

If you belong to a risk group, then you must carefully monitor your condition and, when the first symptoms of varicose veins appear, consult a doctor immediately.

As mentioned above, the first manifestation of the disease may be associated with evening fatigue in the legs. This happens because all unpleasant manifestations disappear by morning. The person feels rested and sees no reason to worry.

Symptoms of varicose veins of the lower extremities

This fact is the reason why the diagnosis of varicose veins of the lower extremities can be made decades later - the symptoms are very difficult to recognize in the early stages. Let's take a closer look.


This can be absolutely any manifestation from mild discomfort to a condition where pain medication is needed. The nature of the pain can also be different: tingling and aches, withdrawal pains and night cramps, pains in walking or along the whole vein.

Any leg pain that is not related to trauma should be asked if it is not a symptom of varicose veins of the lower extremities.

Also among the manifestations of varicose veins are the following:

  1. Occurrence of evening edema.
  2. Occurrence of a feeling of "heaviness", fullness in the legs.
  3. Another symptom important for varicose veins of the lower extremities is a change in the skin. The skin becomes dry, then pigmentation spots appear which can further increase and lead to the development of trophic ulcers.
  4. A pattern of small subcutaneous veins appears on the skin. The reason for its appearance is the same - the veins are wider and more visible.
  5. In the later stages of the disease, it is possible to notice varicose veins of the legs and feet with various forms of dilatation. This is the main symptom of varicose veins - treatment should start immediately!

Stages of development

The manifestation of the signs of the disease can be divided into stages:

  1. The first stage - cosmetic defects become visible.
  2. Second stage - there is evening discomfort in the legs.
  3. Third stage - edema, pigmentation, feeling of fullness in the legs appear.
  4. Stage four - trophic ulcers appear.

Upon detection of any primary signs, you must immediately begin treatment for varicose veins - the symptoms will not go away on their own.

The disease will not go away on its own. If the disease is delayed, then serious complications such as thrombophlebitis, thrombosis and venous bleeding can occur.

Possible complications

possible complications of varicose veins

Thrombosis (complete blockage of the venous bed) and thrombophlebitis (inflammation of the vein wall) occur suddenly and are the most severe conditions that (in an unfavorable set of circumstances) can lead to limb loss.

Varicose veins can lead to thrombosis.

Characterized by the appearance of acute unbearable pain, there may be a change in skin color (redness or blue) and notice its superficial soreness.

In a situation where a blood clot separates, the whole body is already in danger, and in the case of thromboembolism (blockage of a blood vessel by a thrombus), the lungs or other vital vessels can lead to death.

Treatment of the disease is prescribed by a doctor. When the first suspicions of varicose veins of the lower extremities or small pelvis appear, you should definitely seek help.

A qualified phlebologist will prescribe the right combination of medications, traditional medicine, and will also give basic recommendations for lifestyle changes. After all, he is the main factor in the development of the disease.